A walking shoe or mountain boot is very different than a regular shoe or a sports shoe. What makes a shoe now a walking shoe? What characteristics are walking? What is the difference between a running shoe? On this page you will find very much information and the answers to these questions and more.
On this page we discuss the following topics:
- Hiking Boot or running shoe?
- The gait at walk
- The properties of walking
3.1. The profile sole
3.1.1. The different profile soles
3.1.2. The lifespan of a profile sole
3.2. The bumper
3.3. The midsole
3.4. The insole
3.5. The upper
3.6. The inside
3.7. The Padding
3.8. The fit
3.9. The lacing system
1. Hiking boots or shoes?
If you go for a walk do you choose for walking shoes or sneakers? You see viz many people walking on running shoes. Are you going to walk regularly? Then choose the walking shoes! A running shoe is designed for running, a tennis shoe is made for tennis or a walking shoe is made to …………. walking.
Every sport needs its own shoes. At running, you have to wrap your feet very differently than when walking, and tennis is also very different. Since the shoes are also being developed.
When walking, you need to takes into account the action of the foot, the ground you walk on, the climate, the slope, the even more weight you could possibly carry.
2. The action of the foot when walking
The natural action of the foot can be divided into three phases:
- Winding phase on heel
- Unwinding phase outside foot
- Sales Stage 1st and 2nd toe
Upon walking you take out the feet unlike running, jogging or strolling.
In running we also know these three steps, however, when walking is the time exactly divided between the three phases while running at during settlement is almost over beaten.
- Unwinding running shoe: heel => toes
- Unwinding walking shoe: heel => metatarsal => toes
Why is this important to know? Because the overall design of the walking shoes to take account of this unwinding phase and therefore varies, for example, as much as a running shoe of a walking shoe. If you’re on a (good) running shoe you will notice that the shoe as quickly as possible to wind. As a result, the shoe “flaps”. At a walking shoe, the foot rolls neatly from heel to midfoot and then to the toes.
3. The specific properties of a walking shoe
A walking shoe differs from ordinary shoes and sneakers because walking shoes specifically made for (longer) walking. Therefore, they need to meet special requirements:
- A profile outsole for grip
- A midsole with extra cushioning
- Extra sturdy uppers
- Good fit
- A waterproof- breathable membrane
- Corrective or supporting work under the action of the foot
3.1. The profile sole
As we begin to dissect the shoe from the bottom, we come first to the sole on what you walk. This sole always has a deeper tread than ordinary shoes. You shall run on different types of terrain and the sole profile should provide a good grip so you do not slip.
In the best hiking boots, the sole profile is made to also take into account the action of the foot. The profile outsole you recognize unwind the wind. Additionally you would like a profile outsole which is durable.
The profile sole therefore has three properties:
- Grip to suit different terrains
- Supporting the action of the foot
However, the properties grip and durability make contradictory demands on the material: a sure grip on the rubber should be soft, while the wear resistance increases as the rubber is harder. Just as in car tires, soles of profile are combined by a good grip and wear resistance due to the choice of the material and the profile.
Under each walking shoe you can find almost any other sole. As a rule you can say that how slanted or rougher the terrain, the harder the sole and the deeper the profile. Under a walking shoe that you use only for flat terrain you come against a soft sole with a shallow profile. Mountain and climbing shoes have hard sole with deep tread which are often best walking shoes for men.
3.1.1. Different brands profile soles
The shoe can often be made by a different brand from the brand made insole of the shoe itself. Just like under a New balance shoes, which are often best walking shoes for women, we can often find a Vibram sole. Vibram is the best known brand when it comes to shoes. They have for years been the market leader, specializing in making many different soles.
The logo or the name Vibram by “experts” associated with quality, durability and grip. But in addition, there are more good Vibram soles example Contagrip® and Hypergrip®.
3.1.2. How long a sole lasts and to resole the shoe?
When being asked how long a sole-lasting, we can not be given an unequivocal answer. There are several factors that affect a role:
- The composition of the rubber
- The ground you walk on
- The number of kilometers that you cover
- Your weight
You could say that the softer the composition of the sole, the harder it wears out. In shoes from the A category you will encounter softer soled shoes than in the B category.
In addition, wear and tear is strongly dependent on the type of terrain in which the walking shoes are used. On asphalt, which is like sandpaper, a sole will wear out faster than by walking on earth or sand. Thus you with a shoe in the A category more often than running on asphalt on a shoe from the B category and will have a shoe which category A faster worn out soles.
Of course, the frequency with which you use the shoes is influence. Train yourself to the four-day march and get a lot of mileage, or use the walking shoes just for holidays. In one case, you may do a half years with a pair of walking shoes and in the other case, 10 years.
And finally, your weight still influential. Someone who weighs 65 kg will put more pressure on his shoes than someone who weighs 95 kg. The friction of the soles of the substrate is higher when a person is heavier.
All in all we can do no clear statement about the longevity of the soles.
Can a shoe resoled? That is very dependent on the construction of the walking shoes. Ask the staff in the store if it is possible. Shoes from the A or A/B class are not usually re-heeled shoes while among the B/C or D category often is the case.
Find out other features in the part 2. Enjoy!